The homeland of coffee is a place Kaffa in the south-western part of Ethiopia. In the 11th century shepherds noticed that goats eating the leaves of the coffee tree become more lively and playful. Monks-missionaries learned about this from the shepherds and they started drawing the extract of the coffee leaves and drink the extract which acted in a stimulating manner. It removed the tiredness and raised capacity for work. The people learned much later about the fact that the coffee beans (the fruits of the coffee tree) have the same properties, only to a much greater degree.
Bean roasting appeared in an original way: after burning the bushes of the coffee tree in the fire, roasted coffee beans were found in the ashes. They were chewed or a stimulating liquid was made from them.
From Ethiopia across the Red Sea coffee was brought to Arabia. Coffee rapidly spread there, particularly in its south-western part - Yemen, in the environment of town Mocha, which was then called Mocco and the name of which serves as a trade mark for the world's best sorts of coffee. For two centuries Yemen was the only country putting coffee into the world market.
In order to make higher profit, the Arabian merchants assured that those who drink coffee will get into paradise. Such a publicity worked without a hitch. Besides the beverage pleasantly excited and replaced wine drinking of which is strictly forbidden by the Muslim religion. All over Arabia, which was the part of the Ottoman Empire, many coffee-houses appeared where this aromatic tonic was sold. Here one could meet friends, exchange the news and have a rest after one's business. The Muslim clergy, being worried that the believers attended coffee houses with greater pleasure that moscs and this brought to lower incomes of the latter, began to execute the lovers of this drink.
"The Prophet forbade drinking strong drinks", - they spoke. Oh behalf of Allah a curse was pronounced upon coffee. Under Sultan Mahomet IV influenced of the clergy coffee houses were banned but the coffee fans were either executed or sewn in bags for coffee beans and thrown into sea. But, as the saying goes, "a forbidden fruit is sweet", and the coffee houses continued to exist, the number of their guests increased.